Psalms The Old Testament Uncategorized

Finding God in the Psalms

This is a collection of unpolished thoughts on this book which I have been reading over the last month. What I have taken away which I consider of most importance is that all of creation is worshipping God, and that when we engage in worship, especially singing and praying the psalms, we are transformed. Like […]

didache coptic manuscript
Non-canonical Christian Material Uncategorized

Which came first the Didache or the Gospels?

I am just interest in this question. What follows is not the work of a scholar! The Didache definitely has common material with the gospel of Matthew. The Didache presents this as the teaching of the apostles; Matthew presents this as the teaching of Jesus. Is this a significant difference? Surely the followers of Jesus […]

pliny the younger

Pliny on Jesus

Taken  from Pliny the Younger was governor of Pontus/Bithynia from 111-113 AD. We have a whole set of exchanges of his letters with the emperor Trajan on a variety of administrative political matters. These two letters are the most famous, in which P. encounters Christianity for the first time. Pliny, Letters 10.96-97 Pliny to the […]


Brief Summary of Apocrypha

Tobit Carried away captive to Nineveh. Had a political post with Shalmanesar. Tobit mentions his own righteousness, his givings to the poor, and particularly his burying of Jewish corpses left out. This annoyed the king. He says that those who give to the poor are blessed. He has a son called Tobias. One day Tobit is sleeping outside […]


Echoes of Scripture in Mark

In the baptism narrative Mark uses the word “torn” to describe the opening of the heavens, and the spirit coming down. The combination of “torn” and “down” echoes Isaiah 63:15-64:4. This implies that the coming story is God’s intervention in Israel’s current situation. O that you would tear open the heavens and come down (Isaiah […]

Book Reviews Uncategorized

Initial Thoughts on Echoes of Scripture in the Gospels

I loved this book. It gives wonderfully refreshing ways of looking at how the Gospels are interlinked with scriptures. Basically, the gospels say that the scriptures speak about Jesus. In Luke on the road to Emmaus, Jesus says that what has happened was in accordance with what was written in the law, prophets and psalms. […]

Reviews The Old Testament

Samuel and Saul: A Negative Symbiosis

This article by Moshe Reiss challenges the orthodox view that would consider Samuel an upright man beyond reproach and Saul as a failure of a king. Saul’s faults? It asks some interesting questions that are worth considering: What command did Saul break when he sacrificed before the Lord in chapter 13? David and Solomon both […]

Reviews The Old Testament

Thoughts on “Samson: A Tragedy in Three Acts” by Shimon Bakon

Article available here  Things that were new to me: There is mention of God moving Samson in his early life and one has to consider how it was that he became a judge, so perhaps he had a golden age that the Bible doesn’t mention. “and the Spirit of the Lord began to stir him […]

Reviews The Old Testament

Review of “Gideon and the Ephraimites” by Josiah Derby

Link to article I found this very interesting article on Google. It highlighted a very interesting point I had not noted when I read the passage on Gideon (Judges 6 – 8). In Judges, Chapter 8 we read “Now the Ephraimites asked Gideon, “Why have you treated us like this? Why didn’t you call us when […]


What is Redaktionsgeschichte by Robert Stein

This article looks at defining Redaktionsgeschichte. It compares it with form criticism. Form criticism is interested in analyzing each supposed source that makes up the gospel. Analysing the tree instead of the forest. If the gospel writers only copied sources and put these together without much thought or editing then this may be enough. However, […]

Christian Spirituality Essays Reviews

Personal Evaluation

Personal Reflection on Christian Spirituality by Caleb O’Loan This essay looks at one way in which this module has challenged my thinking, two new spiritual disciplines I have found beneficial and three ways in which my inner life has been edified. I also make a small comment about possible changes to the module. This module […]


Daughter Zion Speaks in Auschwitz by K.M. Wilson

Daughter Zion Speaks in Auschwitz: A Post-Holocaust Reading of Lamentation [1] In this very interesting article Kelly Wilson makes the reader engage properly with the suffering of the women and children in the book of Lamentations. By comparing the suffering experienced during the siege, sack and deportation of Jerusalem with the Holocaust – an event […]

Return of the Prodigal Son
Christian Spirituality Essays Reviews

Review of The Return of The Prodigal Son

Review of “The Return of The Prodigal Son” by Henri J.M. Nouwen Caleb O’Loan 1. Summary The book centers on the painting ‘The Return of the Prodigal Son’ by Rembrandt and a time of transition in the life of the author Henri Nouwen. The book starts with a viewing of a copy of the painting […]